Posted by: Standing Solus Christus | September 2, 2007

Lord’s Day Quote: Francis Turretin

Answering the question, “are angels our intercessors, and is any religious worship due to them?  We deny against the Romanists.”

First, he alone can intercede for us who died for us.  He alone can be our Paraclete (parakletos) and advocate who is our only sacrifice (hilasmos) and propitiation.  These are joined by the apostle by an indissoluble bond, as parts of one and the same sacerdotal office, mutually subordinated to each other and mutually dependent.  For as propitiation is the cause and foundation of intercession (which it draws after itself necessarily), so intercession necessarily supposes a propitiation, that it may be rightlys performed (as under the Old Testament the priest could not perform the act of declaration who had before fulfilled the act of sacrificing and to him alone it belonged to offer incense, Ex. 30:34-38).  Now Christ alone satisfied for us and therefore he alone can intercede for us (cf. Rom 8:34, 35; 1 Jn. 2:1,2 where these two functions are ascribed to Christ alone to the exclusion of others)…Third, he alone can carry up our prayers to God who can wash off their corruption and expiate their impurity and imperfection and sanctify them (which belongs to no created angel).  For since God can approve nothing except what is good, our prayers (which are not free from blemishes) could never be acceptable to him, unless covered by the merit of the most perfect righteousness of Christ, and purged, as the high priest of the Old Testament had to bear and take away the iniquity of the holy offerings of the children of Israel (Ex 28:38).

Francis Turretin, Institutes of Elenctic Theology Volume I

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