Posted by: Standing Solus Christus | January 27, 2008

Lord’s Day Quote: Francis Turretin

Adam was the germ, root and head of the human race, not only in a physical sense and seminally, but morally and in a representative sense.  He entered into covenant for himself and his posterity(as was seen before) who just as he received the gifts which he possessed for himself and his, so he lost them for himself and his.  It is evident that the things principated are contained in the principles and announce their condition.  And just as Adam had received the condition and promise of life not only for himself but also for his posterity (if he had stood), so he ought to have contracted the guilt of death by fall, not only for himself, but also for all his.  For to whom the benefits pertain, to them also is most just the burdens and disadvantages should also pertain.  The denial of the imputation of Adam’s sin would not a little weaken the imputation of Christ’s righteousness (which answer to each other and upon which is founded the principal part of the antithesis instituted by Paul between the first and second Adam).  For the descent from the negation of the former to the denial of the latter is most easy.  Hence there is no one of the heretics who have denied the imputation of sin who have not for the same reason opposed the imputation of Christ’s righteousness ( as is seen in the Pelagians, Socinians and Arminians).  Hence the reasons by which the imputation of Adam’s sin is opposed can no less be turned back against the imputation of Christ’s righteousness; those upon which the imputation of Christ is built also serve to established the imputation of Adam’s sin.  Nor is it a hindrance that the imputation of Christ’s righteousness is of grace, while the imputation of sin is from justice.  Grace can give to another what is not due to him, justice cannot. For grace bestows favor upon the undeserving.  For in the imputation of Adam’s sin, the justice of God does not inflict punishment upon the undeserving, but upon the deserving (if not by a desert proper and personal, still participated and common – founded upon the natural and federal union between us and Adam.)

Francis Turretin, Institutes of Elenctic Theology

Volume I – Ninth Topic – Question IX.XXII and XXIV



  1. […] just like us, was born in Adam with a fallen nature, who in himself, would have been at enmity with God (Ephesians 2:3).  In Adam […]

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